Surgical procedure for varicose veins is justified, if not a positive reaction of the organism to the used conservative methods. The second reason for the renunciation of the conventional methods, the acute Form of the disease.
Doctor, based on the results of the survey, selects the optimal type of surgery.
Existing types of surgical procedures
In the acute Form of the disease, if clinically confirmed to be a threat to life and health of the patient, the Person is hospitalized. Surgical procedure under General anesthesia. After its completion, a long rehabilitation time. There are often complications, so that after the completion of the Rehabilitation of the Patient under the supervision of a physician is. If the pathology discovered in an early stage, then the doctor prescribes a minimally invasive surgery. It is a process that requires a significant violation of the integrity of the tissue.
Innovative surgical development, the so-called "surgery of one day", are known for the lack of complications. The Patient must not lie for several weeks in the hospital. The duration of the Rehabilitation – 72 hours.
The list of advantages of the minimally invasive operations continue to the following facts:
- the Patient does not have to do General anesthesia;
- Minimum stay in the hospital;
- on the surface of the skin does not do more than 3 stitches, which accelerates the healing of tissue;
- surgical intervention is not associated with pain syndrome.
Despite the almost 100% no adverse consequences of the prescription of minimally invasive surgery, the doctor will perform a series of mandatory Tests. Your purpose – to determine how well the body executes the assigned process.
Mini-Phlebotomy, according to the method of Vardi
The doctor removes the damaged vein by punctures on the skin's surface to 3. The duration of the surgery ranges from 30 to 50 minutes. This method of treatment the physician prescribes, if the following indications:
- unnatural arrangement of the varices (the area of lips, face, feet);
- the Patient Thrombophlebitis diagnosed of the rising type;
- the presence of as many varicose veins strains.
Another reason for a surgery appointment followed after the method of Vardi – nodes, the presence of the patient, localized close to the skin.
The Basis for the allocation of operations – a clear localization of the pathology. The procedure is patients who diagnosed with I and II stage of the varicose veins. The essence of surgical intervention is reduced to the introduction into the affected vein special substances in the liquid or in the Form of foam. As soon as the substance inside, it regenerates in the truest sense of the damaged area.
Coagulation with the laser is in use
The methodology is characterized by its speed, the lack of pain and the ability to dismiss the patient from the hospital after 3 hours after completion of the Operation. The essence of the method – the selective effect of laser light on the damaged area of Vienna. Properly selected thermal exposure forms a small clot, the replaced a few months later by connective tissue.
The task of the physician consists in the necessity, for a maximum of the fine-tuning of the parameters of the laser beam. To provoke even a small error burning and subsequent necrosis of the tissue. In this context, laser therapy is now rarely used.
The use of radio-frequency surgery
The methodology will be use in cases in which Laser or any other method of recovery of the damaged site is not possible. The method is characterized by rapidity and probability of development of complications to paint. The list of advantages of the above-mentioned methods are not doctors refer to burns and scarring. Radio frequency surgery can produce as follows:
- modern ultrasound of the vessels;
- Mark on the surface of the skin of the land, on the cast during the procedure;
- the Patient lies on the operating table;
- on the skin to be treated surface disinfectant composition is applied;
- point to fulfill the puncture of the vein;
- in the hole catheters, up to the point that the subsequent processing;
- local analgesia is carried out;
- the doctor uses a heating element, whose length is 7 cm;
- from the hole in the catheter and the heating element to remove, according to which the damaged site is restored.
All phases are controlled by the Computer. The System in the automatic mode selects the optimum temperature. After 1 hour, after completion of the minimally invasive procedure, patients can go.
The use of steam
The chronic Form of varicose veins causes the vessels to acquire a curved shape. Use Alternative minimally invasive techniques is physically impossible. Technology with steam has many advantages. In the list of the minimum duration of the rehabilitation phase, no side effects and burns goes. The last point is relevant, if the doctor chose the right settings. Under the action of steam in a damaged area narrows.
Use of biological glue
In cases in which normalize damaged area of Vienna, to remove, there is no reason to use the biological adhesive. The Medic produced a couple of cuts, which it manages to glue the valves on the damaged property.
The selection of the optimal type of surgical procedures
The last word remains for the doctor, whose task it is to carry out an objective assessment of the health status of the patient. Practitioner the Patient is informed that the final decision in favour of one or other type of surgical interventions depending on the present clinical picture. Universal solutions do not exist here, therefore, the choice of therapeutic techniques the man in the white coat is based on the symptoms.
Existing types of surgical procedures:
|Type of surgical Intervention||In what cases is justified||The probability of development of complications|
|Biological Glue||Is used to repair if the damaged area is impossible.||Low|
|The use of steam||You are applying for, if a patient is an extensive network of damaged veins diagnosed.||The average (the doctor, the wrong selection of the properties of the substance, with the produce an impact on the affected vein).|
|Radio-Frequency Surgery||Situations in which the damaged site veins to the surface of the skin.||Minimum|
|Special Coagulation||Is only used rarely. In most cases, the doctor will prescribe less trauma to the rubbing tables Operation.||High while the laser power.|
|Sclerotherapy||Varicose veins of the superficial character.||Minimum|
|Mini Phlebotomy||The Patient is determined atypical whereabouts of the affected veins. Other surgical techniques, is not possible.||The Website|
In the choice of the type of operative Intervention, the physician must ensure that the use of it is often more potential negativity that may occur after the operation is completed.